ABV – Alcohol by volume. This is the percentage of alcohol in your finished beer.
Brix Scale – A scale used to represent the concentration of sugar in a solution.
DME – Dry Malt Extract.
Extract - A concentrated sugary syrup or powder used as the base for a beer. You can get this out of a can at the homebrew store or make it by mashing and sparging grain.
Lauter Tun – This is the container used to separate the mashed grain from the sugar water extract.
LME – Liquid Malt Extract.
Lovibond (abbreviated. L) – A measure of darkness of grain, often seen with a number, such as 60 L or 20 L. The higher the number, the darker the grain. Thus, 60L grain is darker than 20L grain.
Mash - The mash is the mixture of grain and water. You mash grains to break down the complex carbohydrates into simple sugars that can be easily fermented.
Mash Tun – This is the container in which grains are mashed.
Sparging - The process of rinsing mashed grain to get more sugar out of it.
Specific Gravity – The ratio of density of a particular liquid to a reference liquid. For brewing, the reference is pure water, which has a specific gravity of 1.000. Doing a calculation of your original and final specific gravities can help you figure out the alcohol content.
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